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Crassula ovata (Jade Plant)


Scientific Name

Crassula ovata (Miller) Druce

Common Names

Chinese Rubber, Dollar Plant, Dwarf Rubber, Friendship Tree, Jade Plant, Jade Tree, Japanese Rubber, Lucky Plant, Money Tree, Money Plant, Pink Joy


Cotyledon ovata, Crassula argentea, Crassula articulata, Crassula lucens, Crassula nitida, Crassula obliqua, Crassula portulacea, Toelkenia ovata

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Crassuloideae
Genus: Crassula


Crassula ovata is a strongly branched evergreen shrub, up to 10 feet (3 m) tall, with fleshy, rich jade green leaves and rounded heads of white to pink, star-shaped flowers that appear in winter. The leaves grow in opposing pairs along the succulent, grey-green branches. The bark of older branches peels off in horizontal, brownish stripes. Leaves are egg-shaped to elliptic, up to 2 inches (5 cm) long and up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) wide. It may display a red tinge around its leaves when grown with bright sunlight. In more extreme cases, the green color of the plant is lost and can be replaced by yellow.


USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Many people enjoy growing Jade Plants in their homes and offices, and they are considered to be symbols of good luck. But you do not need to be lucky to learn what the proper care and maintenance of Jade Plant is. The most important factors to consider when growing Jade Plants is water, light, temperature, and fertilizer.

Easy to grow in a container, best in full sun but will tolerate part sun. It needs well-drained soil with a neutral pH. Water regularly from spring to fall and allow the soil to dry out before watering again. During the winter months, water only enough to keep the leaves from shriveling. The most common reason for failure is overwatering.

Jade Plant can be propagated from leaves or stem cuttings. Leaf cuttings are the easiest to perform but have a higher chance of failing compared to stem cuttings.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Jade Plant (Crassula ovata).


Jade Plant is a popular good luck charm in Asia thought to activate financial energies. This beautiful succulent has vibrant green leaves symbolic of growth and renewal, closely resembling jade coins, symbolic of wealth and prosperity. It is a traditional gift for businesses and many business owners place a Jade Plant near the entrance of their restaurants or shops, or in a southeast location to bring prosperity and success.

Learn more at Jade Plant for Good Luck, Prosperity and Friendship.


Despite its beauty, Crassula ovata is toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, as well as mildly toxic to humans.


Crassula ovata is native to South Africa and Mozambique.

Forms and Cultivars


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