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Crassula ovata (Jade Plant)

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Scientific Name

Crassula ovata (Miller) Druce

Common Names

Jade Plant, Jade Tree, Money Tree, Money Plant, Friendship Tree, Lucky Plant, Dollar Plant, Pink Joy, Japanese Rubber, Chinese Rubber, Dwarf Rubber

Synonyms

Crassula argentea, Crassula portulacea, Crassula obliqua, Crassula articulata, Crassula nitida, Crassula lucens, Cotyledon ovata, Cotyledon lutea, Toelkenia ovata

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Crassuloideae
Genus: Crassula

Description

Crassula ovata is a large, well-branched, compact, evergreen shrub up to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall. It has glossy, dark grey-green, succulent leaves and rounded heads of white to pink star-shaped flowers that appear in early spring. The branches are succulent, grey-green in color and in older specimens the bark peels in horizontal brownish strips. The leaves are up to 2 inches (5 cm) long and up to 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) wide, egg-shaped to elliptic and often with a red margin and a somewhat pointed end. They are in opposite pairs.

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Many people enjoy growing Jade Plants in their homes and offices, and they are considered to be symbols of good luck. But you do not need to be lucky to learn what the proper care and maintenance of Jade Plants is. The most important factors to consider when growing Jade Plants is water, light, temperature, and fertilizer.

Easy to grow in container, best in full sun but will tolerate part sun. It need well-drained soil with a neutral pH. Water regularly form spring to autumn and allow soil to dry out before watering again. During the winter months, water only enough to keep the leaves from shriveling. Most common reason for failure is overwatering.

Propagating is achieved with leaf or stem cuttings which are placed into a soil mix, then wait until they show some growth. Before placing them in soil mix you will prevent potential problems from the sap seeping out by allowing them to dry on a windowsill, for a few days or so.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Jade Plant (Crassula ovata).

Uses

Jade Plant is a popular good luck charm in Asia thought to activate financial energies. This beautiful succulent has vibrant green leaves symbolic of growth and renewal, closely resembling jade coins, symbolic of wealth and prosperity. It is a traditional gift for businesses and many business owners place a Jade Plant near the entrance of their restaurants or shops, or in a southeast location to bring prosperity and success.

Learn more at Jade Plant for Good Luck, Prosperity and Friendship.

Origin

Crassula ovata is native to South Africa and Mozambique.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids

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