Succulents are marvels of nature that store extra water in their leaves, stems, or roots. Unfortunately, because they have a reputation for growing in arid conditions, many people fail to realize that they must be regularly watered when we bring them into our home and garden environments. We share what you need to know about watering succulents and keeping them thriving.
How to Water Succulents Indoors
Rather than giving your succulents sips of water here and there, give them a good soaking to the point the water runs out the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Be sure to empty the water from the saucer beneath the plant pot. Then let the soil dry out completely before watering again.
Crassula, Kalanchoe, Aloe, and Sansevieria are popular choices for indoor plants. Succulents also include cacti, which generally may need less water than other succulents.
Succulents like well-drained soil. A good quality potting soil mixed with a material such as a perlite will help ensure good drainage. In addition to quality potting media, ensure your containers have drainage holes because too much moisture can result in rotten roots.
Succulents require more water in the spring when they are growing. Water needs may lessen in the summer and even more during the winter. Water requirements also decrease when the light decreases during winter, and most succulents are dormant. This could be as infrequently as once per month, but it depends on your conditions.
The watering frequency will also depend on the light and growing conditions in your area, as well as the size of the container. The larger the container, the more moisture it can hold. Small, shallow pots may need to be watered more frequently.
How to Water Succulents in Outdoor Containers
Summer is a good time to move potted succulents outdoors. Though they love the sun, give them a chance to acclimate to outdoor conditions by placing them in a partially shaded area before moving to a sunnier location. Keep them out of intense sunlight from late morning to mid-afternoon. Outdoor plants generally require more water than indoor plants. But, again, your conditions will dictate how often succulents need water. Start by checking weekly, paying attention to the condition of the potting media and whether it is bone dry or moist.
Succulents that are grown in shallow containers may need water every few days.
How to Water Succulents in the Ground
Succulents, particularly Sedums, grow quite well in the ground. However, they, too, may need to be watered weekly, depending on conditions. Established plants will have a stronger root system and tolerate dry conditions much better than new plants.
Whether you grow hardy or annual succulents, they must be in well-drained soil. Standing water is a prescription for disaster. As with houseplants, soil conditions, and water needs go hand-in-hand.
Good soil, good soaking, and good drainage equal happy plants.
- Succupedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus