Many gardeners cherish succulents for their ease of care and beauty. Although most plants of this classification are very easy to grow, a few stand out as particularly low maintenance choices that are ideal for beginning gardeners and experienced enthusiasts with the greenest of thumbs.
Aloes come in a wide variety of species of differing shapes and sizes. The numerous species are easy to grow, and plants such as Aloe juvenna and Aloe andongensis generally only require simple basic care. In addition, each Aloe forms varying textures and patterns on the foliage, allowing gardeners to have much greater aesthetic variety in their homes and yards.
Aloes grow in the summer months and require little shade and regular watering during the growing season. Gardeners should keep the plants relatively dry during the winter. When kept in the sun in well-drained soil, Aloes thrive.
Agaves blossom in bright and warm places, such as on patios, decks, and sunny windowsills. Some smaller varieties, such as Agave victoriae-reginae and Agave parviflora, are also capable of flourishing indoors. Most Agaves consist of rosettes that have thick, rigid, fleshy leaves and minimal teeth.
When caring for an Agave, a gardener should allow the plant to dry out between watering sessions. Agaves can handle any well-drained soil, and the plants flourish in full sunlight. Although Agaves can survive periods of drought, it is best to provide ample water to encourage vigorous growth, especially if the plants are in the sun all day.
Crassulas are succulents that many beginners love to grow. Ranging in size from an inch (2.5 cm) tall to large shrubs, they require good light and a soil mix that drains well if gardeners want to maintain appealing leaf colors and encourage the plants to flower. Watering the plants regularly during spring and summer is ideal, but Crassulas generally require less water in the winter months. In addition, the plants are drought-tolerant, and they require cutting and shaping to avoid becoming disorderly.
Good options for Crassulas include the Crassula arborescens, Crassula 'Blue Bird', and Crassula ovata. These succulents are very strong and look attractive, mixed with other plants, making them an excellent low-maintenance option for beginners.
Native to South Africa, Adromischus plants are small succulent shrubs with oddly shaped leaves. The leaves feature interesting markings that are inconsistent, offering gardeners aesthetic diversity. The Adromischus cristatus is a very low-maintenance succulent that is popular with growers. Other options include Adromischus clavifolius, Adromischus cooperi, and Adromischus leucophyllus.
Care for Adromischus plants entails keeping soil well-drained and providing the plants with a dry atmosphere with some shade. They require water mainly in the spring and fall, and gardeners should allow Adromischus to dry out between watering sessions.
Many gardeners choose Echeveria as their favorite succulent because of the popular variations in color and shape. Echeverias show their most brilliant colors during cooler months, and the plants typically flower during warmer months in shades of orange, red, and pink. Some of the most popular varieties include Echeveria albicans, Echeveria colorata, and Echeveria agavoides.
These succulents can tolerate lengthy dry periods, but it flourishes when it receives adequate water during the growing periods. Porous soil prevents root rot with the Echeveria, and ventilation minimizes pest infestations and disease risk. Typically, Echeverias have better color and shape when receiving more sunlight, although the plant still requires some sun protection during scorching summer weather.