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Agave victoriae-reginae (Queen Victoria Agave)


Scientific Name

Agave victoriae-reginae T. Moore

Common Names

Queen Victoria Agave, Queen Victoria Century Plant, Royal Agave


Agave victoriae-reginae f. victoriae-reginae, Agave victoriae-reginae subsp. victoriae-reginae

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


This species is native to Mexico (Chihuahuan Desert).


Agave victoriae-reginae is a slow-growing succulent that forms compact rosettes of green leaves with attractive white markings, spineless margins, and a short, black terminal spine. The rosettes are usually solitary, as the plant rarely forms offsets. They grow up to 1 foot (30 cm) tall and up to 1.5 feet (45 cm) in diameter. Leaves are up to 8 inches (20 cm) long and up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) wide. The markings are generally along leaf keels and margins. The rosettes bloom only once when they are fully mature, usually after 20 to 30 years. Flowers are creamy-white to pale yellow or sometimes in shades of red and purple. They appear in summer on an unbranched spike that can reach 15 feet (4.5 m).

The specific epithet "victoriae-reginae" honors Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901).

How to Grow and Care for Agave victoriae-reginae

Light: These plants require full sun to part shade. If you are growing Agaves indoors, choose a bright, sunny window with as much sun as possible. Agave plants love going outside from spring to fall.

Soil: Agaves will tolerate most soils as long as they have good drainage, but their preference is sandy or rocky soil.

Hardiness: Agave victoriae-reginae can withstand temperatures as low as 10 to 50 °F (-12.2 to 10 °C), USDA hardiness zones 8a to 11b.

Watering: Mature plants are very drought tolerant. From spring to fall, water thoroughly your Agave when the soil mix becomes dry. In winter, water sparingly about once a month. Plants in containers require more frequent watering than those in the ground.

Fertilizing: Give your Agaves a small amount of fertilizer in the spring during the first two years.

Repotting: When the pot becomes full of roots, it has become pot-bound. If you notice your Agave becoming pot-bound, repot it with new soil in a new pot that is just slightly larger than the old one.

Propagation: Since it can take years to produce seeds, Agaves are usually propagated by offsets.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Agave.

Toxicity of Agave victoriae-reginae

Agave victoriae-reginae is not toxic to humans, but it may be mildly poisonous to children and pets.

Cultivars and Hybrids of Agave victoriae-reginae


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