Cotyledon orbiculata L.
Pig's Ear, Pig's Ears, Silver Pig's Ears, Round-leafed Navel Wort, Round-leaved Cotyledon, White Lady
Cotyledon dielsii, Cotyledon fourcadii, Cotyledon orbiculata var. orbiculata, Cotyledon orbiculata var. viridis, Cotyledon simulans var. spathulata, Sedum orbiculatum
Cotyledon orbiculata is a succulent shrub with erect to decumbent stems and leaves hugely variable in color, shape, and hairiness. It grows up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall. The leaves are usually glabrous, egg-shaped with the narrower end at the base, but also rounded, oval, cylindrical, hairy, and often have reddish and undulated margins. They are up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and 2 inches (5 cm) wide.
Flowers are orange, red, or yellow, bell-shaped, up to 0.8 inches (2 cm) long, and droop from the top of an up to 1.5 feet (45 cm) tall stalk.
In Australia, this species is often sold as Cotyledon 'Dan's Delight' or Cotyledon orbiculata 'Dan's Delight'.
USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Cotyledons can be divided into two groups. One group consists of evergreen plants with a summer growing period. The other group is made up of deciduous plants, splendidly magnificent with large, solid fleshy stems. The second group grows during the winter and sheds its leaves during the summer.
These succulents require a free-draining gritty mix and plenty of sunlight. They are tolerant of cool, frost-free conditions during the winter if kept dry. Some require pruning to maintain an attractive shape. Cotyledons should be kept in a sunny position. Follow general succulent watering procedures. Be careful of overwatering when they are deciduous.
As succulents go, Cotyledons certainly are a rewarding garden and indoor subject, practically independent of irrigation in all but full desert conditions. However, they cannot survive low light or poor drainage.
Feed it once or twice during the growing season with a fertilizer specifically formulated for cactus and succulents (poor in nitrogen), including all micronutrients and trace elements diluted to 1/2 the strength recommended on the label.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Cotyledon.
You may want to divide your Pig's Ear because you want more of them. With the right tools and environment, you can get clippings to grow to have multiple Cotyledons in your possession.
Learn more at How to Divide, Propagate, and Transplant a Pig's Ear Plant.
Varieties and Cultivars
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. flanaganii
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga 'Flavida'
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga 'Macrantha'
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga 'Octopus'
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga 'Takbok'
- Cotyledon orbiculata var. dinteri
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Cinderella'
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Elk Horns'
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Huisrivier Pass'
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Lighthouse Road'
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Mucronata'
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Oophylla'
- Cotyledon orbiculata 'Staghorn'
- Back to genus Cotyledon
- Succupedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
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