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Euphorbia meloformis (Melon Spurge)


Scientific Name

Euphorbia meloformis Aiton

Common Names

Melon Spurge


Euphorbia falsa, Euphorbia infausta, Euphorbia pyriformis

Scientific Classification

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia


Euphorbia meloformis is a dwarf, succulent perennial, up to 4.7 inches (12 cm) in diameter. Single spineless stem, sometimes branched at the base with green, rounded, usually 8 to 12 ribs. Young plants have leaves. It is very similar in look with Euphorbia obesa, but with small, yellow to yellow-green flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants) on long stalks which dry and persist on the plant after blooming.


USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Euphorbias are very easy to care for. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerant wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.

Euphorbia can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). It is usually propagated by cuttings… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia


Native to South Africa (Great Karoo and Eastern Cape).

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids


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