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Haworthia truncata (Horse's Teeth)

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Scientific Name

Haworthia truncata Schönland

Common Names

Horse's Teeth

Synonyms

Haworthia truncata var. truncata

Scientific Classification

Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Tribe: Aloeae
Genus: Haworthia

Origin

This species is native to South Africa (the winter rainfall region of the Little Karoo in the Western Cape).

Description

Haworthia truncata is a small succulent plant that has unusual, gray or gray-green leaves with rough, warty surfaces and nearly rectangular crosssection. It grows up to 0.8 inches (2 cm) tall and spreads slowly up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide. Leaves are more or less upright, tightly appressed, and arranged in 2 opposite rows. Flowers are small, white, and appear mainly in late spring on slender, up to 8 inches (20 cm) long stems.

The specific epithet "truncata" derives from the Latin word "truncates," meaning "cut off or shorten by cutting" and refers to the leaf tips that end abruptly with a flat window.

How to Grow and Care for Haworthia truncata

Light: Although some species can grow in full, bright sun, most Haworthias live in more sheltered spots, and they are adapted to thrive in partial shade. Place the potted plants in a bright area with some protection from the hottest rays of the day.

Soil: All Haworthia species do not like their roots to remain wet for prolonged periods, so their potting soil should be well-drained. Use a commercial succulent soil or make your own well-draining potting mix.

Hardiness: Haworthia truncata can withstand temperatures as low as 30 to 50 °F (-1.1 to 10 °C), USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b.

Watering: These succulents are very tolerant of underwatering, but overwatering can quickly lead to rotting. From spring to fall, water thoroughly, then wait until the top of the soil dries out before watering again. During the winter rest period, water just enough to keep leaves from shriveling.

Fertilizing: Haworthias do not require much fertilizer. For optimum growth, fertilization is a good idea. Feed only with a dilute fertilizer and only during the active growing season.

Repotting: These succulents are generally slow-growing and can stay in the same pot for years. For best health, Haworthias should be repotted into fresh soil every two to three years.

Propagation: Vegetative propagation, especially by offsets, is the quickest and most common method of propagating Haworthias. They can also be propagated by leaves and seeds.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Haworthia.

Toxicity of Haworthia truncata

Haworthia species are generally non-toxic to humans and animals.

Forms, Varieties, Cultivars, and Hybrids of Haworthia truncata

Links

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