Pachyphytum compactum Rose
Pachyphytum compactum var. compactum
Pachyphytum compactum is an attractive succulent that forms rosettes of 30 to 80, mostly congested leaves. Stems are often basally branched, usually upright and up to 6 inches (15 cm) tall, or up to 16 inches (40 cm) long if pendent. Leaves are thick, fleshy, tubular, and pointed at the tip, with angular facets on the upper surface left by neighboring leaves' pressure. They are matted green or tinged violet when gently stressed, up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) long, and up to 0.6 inches (1.5 cm) wide. The flowers appear in late spring. They are barrel-shaped, red to orange with dark green or dark violet tips, and held above the foliage on up to 12 inches (30 cm) long stems.
USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Pachyphytum will not tolerate frosts well. Temperatures below 20 °F (-6 °C) will kill the plant, and temperatures that may go below 45 °F (7 °C) during an extended period should be avoided. It tolerates high heat and intense sunlight. As with most succulents from the Crassulaceae family, Pachyphytum can tolerate (and even appreciate) poor soil conditions so long as it is well-draining. It can thrive in full or partial sunlight.
Allow the soil to dry before watering, and avoid getting water on the leaves. The plants will require more water in winter as winter begins its active growth season. If you are unsure when to water your plant, watch the lowermost leaves for drying signs and water them then. Pachyphytum is far more likely to survive under-watering than overwatering. The thick, fleshy leaves will appear wilted and a bit "under-full" when they need water.
One of the most common pests to houseplants is the mealybug, and your Pachyphytum may fall prey to this pest. The symptoms of a mealybug infestation are slowed or stopped growth (though in summer, this is a normal sign of dormancy). If this occurs without apparent cause, remove the plant from the pot and examine the roots or look at the leaf-stem junctions.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Pachyphytum.
This succulent is native to Mexico (Hidalgo).
Forms and Hybrids
- Back to genus Pachyphytum
- Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
Click on a photo to see a larger version.