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Lophophora diffusa (False Peyote)

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Scientific Name

Lophophora diffusa (Croizat) Bravo

Common Names

False Peyote

Synonyms

Lophophora echinata var. diffusa, Lophophora williamsii var. diffusa, Lophophora viridescens, Lophophora ziegleri, Lophophora ziegleriana

Scientific Classification

Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Genus: Lophophora

Description

Lophophora diffusa is a globular spineless cactus with large tap root. Solitary or forming variable stemmed clumps with few stems or sometime large mounded group with several heads. The stem is yellow-green or grey-green, up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) tall and up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) in diameter. The tufts of hair are usually spread unequally on the prominent podaria. The flowers are commonly whitish to yellowish-white, up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter.

Photo via shroomery.org

How to Grow and Care

Lophophora is more tolerant of soil types than its relatives, and typically grows in areas which have decomposed limestone present in the soil. In cultivation, Lophophora does best in a fast draining mineral based soil which is about two thirds sand. Abundant water is beneficial in the summer months when the temperatures are over 90 °F (32 °C) and exposed to full sunlight for maximum growth, but must be allowed to dry out completely between waterings. They should also be fertilized twice a year. Over fertilizing will typically result in the Lophophora developing cracks and splitting. At times, some varieties of Lophophora will develop a corky material on the plant body if exposed to pesticides or insecticidal soap. This corky condition will usually heal in a manner very similar to human skin if the plants are exposed to full sunlight… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Lophophora.

Origin

It is endemic to Mexico in the outskirts of Querétaro.

Links

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