Haworthiopsis limifolia (Marloth) G.D.Rowley
Fairies Washboard, Fairy Washboard, File-leafed Haworthia, Swati Haworthia
Haworthia limifolia, Haworthia limifolia f. major, Haworthia limifolia f. marlothiana,
This species is native to southeastern Africa (Swaziland, southern Mozambique, and KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga provinces in South Africa).
Haworthiopsis limifolia, formerly known as Haworthia limifolia, is a succulent plant that forms compact stemless rosettes of light to very dark green or brownish-green leaves with undulate transverse ridges on both surfaces. The rosettes grow up to 4.8 inches (12 cm) in diameter, slowly producing offsets around the base to form a dense clump. Leaves are deltoid with ends gradually tapering to a sharp point, up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) wide.
Flowers are white with a greenish-brown midrib, tubular, two-lipped, about 0.6 inches (1.5 cm) long, and appear arranged in a raceme on a slender, up to 8 inches (20cm) long stalk in late summer and fall.
The specific epithet "limifolia (lim-ih-FOH-lee-uh)" means "file-like leaves" and refers to the transverse ridges on the leaves. It is a compound of two Latin words, the verb "limes," meaning "file" or "sharpen," and the noun folia," meaning "leaf."
How to Grow and Care for Haworthiopsis limifolia
Light: H. limifolia thrives in semi-shaded positions. Brighter light conditions are needed to bring out the leaf coloration. Any window in your home or office will likely be appropriate for this succulent.
Soil: Use commercial potting soil specially formulated for succulents, or make your own well-draining potting mix.
Hardiness: This plant likes warmer temperatures in summer but cooler in winter. H. limifolia can withstand temperatures as low as 30 to 50 °F (-1.1 to 10 °C), USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b.
Watering: In spring and fall, when the growth is most active, water H. limifolia thoroughly, then wait until the top of the soil dries out before watering again. Water your plant less during the winter when its growth slows down significantly. During the hottest summer months, when this plant is mostly dormant, water your plant just enough to keep the leaves from shriveling.
Fertilizing: H. limifolia is a slow-growing plant that does not require much fertilizer. However, for optimum growth, fertilization is a good idea. Feed only with a dilute fertilizer and only during the active growing season. Avoid summer fertilizing as this succulent is in a 6 to 8 weeks rest period.
Repotting: When the plant has outgrown its container, repot it into a new, slightly larger pot with fresh soil in the spring or early summer.
Propagation: H. limifolia is mostly and easily grown from stem cuttings or by removing offsets from the mother plant. Take stem cuttings during the warmer months. Remove offsets when they have started developing their roots. Spring is the best time to sow seeds.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Haworthiopsis.
Toxicity of Haworthiopsis limifolia
H. limifolia is considered non-toxic to humans and animals.
Varieties, Forms, and Cultivars of Haworthiopsis limifolia
- Haworthiopsis limifolia var. arcana
- Haworthiopsis limifolia var. gigantea
- Haworthiopsis limifolia var. glaucophylla
- Haworthiopsis limifolia var. striata
- Haworthiopsis limifolia var. ubomboensis
- Haworthiopsis limifolia 'Spider White'
- Haworthiopsis limifolia 'Variegata'
- Back to genus Haworthiopsis
- Succupedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
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