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Euphorbia ingens (Candelabra Tree)


Scientific Name

Euphorbia ingens E. Mey. ex Boiss.

Common Names

Candelabra Tree, Common Tree Euphorbia, Cactus Euphorbia, Cactus Spurge


Euphorbia similis

Scientific Classification

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia


Euphorbia ingens is a succulent tree, up to 40 feet (12 m) tall, with a short trunk and dark green branches that form a rounded crown, often shaped like a balloon. The branches have 4 or 5 vertical ridges bearing small spines. From fall to winter, mature plants produce greenish-yellow flowers at the branch tips. The fruits are round, 3-lobed capsules that turn red to purple when ripening.

How to Grow and Care

Euphorbias are very easy to care for. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerate wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer.

Euphorbia can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). It is usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky, because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.


Native to dry areas of southern Africa.


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