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Agave victoriae-reginae (Queen Victoria Agave)


Scientific Name

Agave victoriae-reginae T. Moore

Common Names

Queen Victoria Agave, Queen Victoria Century Plant, Royal Agave


Agave ferdinand-regis, Agave consideranti, Agave nickelsii

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


Agave victoriae-reginae is a slow-growing, evergreen perennial up to 1 foot (30 cm) tall. It is highly variable in form, but in general the rosettes are small and compact, up to 1.5 feet (45 cm) in diameter, with tight-fitting, tapered, dark green leaves with white margins and short black, terminal spine. The creamy-white to pale yellow flowers, often with shades of purple-red are borne in erect or arching racemes up to 13 feet (4 m) in length.


USDA hardiness zone 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Agave is not a difficult plant to grow. They're slow-growing and dramatic and will even thrive on a bit of neglect. If you're the type of person who likes to fuss with houseplants and water a lot, Agave is probably not the plant for you. If, however, you're the type of person who likes to set it and forget it, and you have a sunny window, Agave might the way to go.

Be aware that some of the large varieties will eventually outgrow your room (unless you have a large greenhouse), and Agave can be aggressive. They have irritating sap and sometimes very sharp thorns that can cause injuries to small children and even pets.

In general, Agave do not need to be repotted every year. Most of the species commonly found in cultivation grow very slowly and will take a long time to outgrow their pot. It's also best to handle your Agave as little as possible, since they do not like to be disturbed… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Agave


Native to Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon).

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids


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