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Sempervivum arachnoideum (Cobweb Houseleek)


Scientific Name

Sempervivum arachnoideum L.

Common Names

Cobweb Hen and Chick, Cobweb Houseleek, Cobweb Sedum, Spider Web Hens and Chicks


Sedum arachnoideum, Sempervivum doellianum, Sempervivum heterotrichum

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sedoideae
Tribe: Sedeae
Subtribe: Sedinae
Genus: Sempervivum


Sempervivum arachnoideum is a succulent that forms a mat of tight rosettes of green or reddish leaves with white cobwebby hairs at the tips. It grows up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) tall and spreads up to 12 inches (30 cm) wide. Rosettes are up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter. Flowers are pink, star-shaped, up to 0.4 inches (1 cm) across, and appear in summer on thick, up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) tall stems. It is a monocarpic plant, but the mother rosette "hen" produces many offsets "chicks" before it dies.


USDA hardiness zones 5a to 8b: from −20 °F (−28.9 °C) to 20 °F (−6.7 °C).

How to Grow and Care

It is relatively easy to grow in a container or the rock garden, scree bed, wall crevice, trough, or alpine house. It is ideal in so many ways, as it quickly starts to form very tight clusters of rosettes, filling in Sempervivum walls, mosaics, and topiary, and their shallow yet fibrous root systems hold soil in place even in vertical plantings. After the plant blooms and sets seed, it will die, but many offsets will take its place.

Plant in well-drained succulent soil mix in full sun to light shade. Water regularly during the growing season and allow the soil to dry out before watering again. Water very little during the winter months.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Cobweb Houseleek (Sempervivum arachnoideum).


The crushed leaves or their juice are applied externally to boils, wounds, etc. They are also used to stop nose bleeds. The slightly warmed juice has been used to relieve ear inflammations, and toothaches can be relieved by chewing on the leaves. When macerated and infused in vinegar, the plant can be used to get rid of warts and corns.

The leaves are harvested in the summer and are best used when fresh since they are difficult to dry properly. The leaf pulp is used to make a cooling face mask for reddened or sunburned skin.


Sempervivum arachnoideum is native to the Mountain of Europe, from the Pyrenees to the Carpathians.

Subspecies, Cultivars, and Hybrids


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