Jatropha podagrica Hook.
Buddha Belly Plant, Buddha Belly, Bottleplant Shrub, Bottle Euphorbia, Purgingnut, Gout Plant, Gout Stick, Purging Nut, Guatemalan Rhubarb, Guatemala Rhubarb, White Rhubarb, Goutystalk Nettlespurge, Tartogo
Jatropha podagrica is a tropical succulent shrub with an erect, sparsely branched, swollen at the base stem and large persistent or semievergreen leaves. It grows up to 6.6 feet (2 m) tall. Leaves are shield-shaped leaves with 3 to 5 lobes, nitid green on the upper surface, gray-green on the lower surface, up to 8 inches (20 cm) long, and nearly equal in diameter. Clusters of small bright red male and female flowers appear in dense clusters above the leaves on long slim peduncles almost all year round. Fruits are green capsules at first, become blackish-brown at maturity when they explode and scatter the seeds up to 13 feet (4 m) away.
USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 45 °F (+7.2 °C).
How to Grow and Care
The key to growing successful Jatropha is to achieve the proper balance between moisture and drainage. They typically appreciate a steady water supply, but the most popular species cannot tolerate being submerged or soaked and will quickly succumb to root rot. Many popular Jatropha species make excellent small trees for a conservatory or sunny corner. Keep them well pruned, so they don't outgrow their space too soon. Jatrophas are vulnerable to pests, including aphids, mealy bugs, scale, and whitefly. If possible, identify the infestation as early as possible and treat it with the leave toxic option.
Jatropha can be propagated by seed (if you're fortunate enough to get sides) or by stem cuttings. To take stem cuttings, remove a small piece of stem, dip it in rooting hormone, then put it into a small pot with seedling starter soil. Place in a warm, bright place and wait for new growth to emerge.
See more at How to Grow and Care for Jatropha.
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