Ferocactus viridescens (Torr. & A. Gray) Britton & Rose
Coast Barrel Cactus, San Diego Barrel Cactus, Green-Stem Viznaga, Keg Cactus, Small Barrel Cactus
Echinocactus viridescens (basionym)
Ferocactus viridescens is cactus with spherical, ovate, or nearly cylindrical stem. It is usually wider than tall, and less than 12 inches (30 cm) in height. The stem is bright green and arranged into several ribs covered in arrays of long spines. Spines stick straight out and may curve a bit, and are red when new, dulling to gray or tan. Flowers are yellow to greenish with red or pink scales. Fruits are yellow or red.
USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Choose a location that receives direct sun during all or most of the day. Plant your Barrel Cactus in early spring before new roots begin to form. The roots may appear dry, but that is typical before new growth begins. Dig a hole deep enough for the plant's roots and amend it as needed to provide fast-draining soil. A good soil mixture includes 10 percent native soil, 45 percent washed sand or pumice, and 45 percent compost.
Water the cactus at the time of planting to anchor it into the soil. Water again only if the weather in your area is unseasonably dry and if normal spring or winter rainfall doesn't occur. Ferocactus needs a dormant period with dry soil during the winter.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Ferocactus.
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