Euphorbia primulifolia Baker
Euphorbia primulifolia var. primulifolia, Euphorbia subapoda
Euphorbia primulifolia is a succulent geophyte with a large tuber that merges into a short stem with a rosette of 4 to 12 dark green leaves. The tuber is up to 6 inches (15 cm) long and up to 2.8 inches (7 cm) in diameter. Leaves are flat or undulate, up to 4.4 inches (11 cm) long and up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) wide. It usually blooms before the leaves appear. Flowers are small white to pink.
USDA hardiness zones 10b to 11b: from 35 °F (+1.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Euphorbias are very easy to care for. These plants require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. More die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerate wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.
These succulents can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). They are usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias. They tend to grow problem-free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for. See more at How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.
Euphorbia primulifolia is native to northern and central Madagascar.
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