Euphorbia neoarborescens Bruyns
Euphorbia neoarborescens is a sparsely branched succulent shrub or small tree that grows up to 14 feet (4.25 m) tall. The deciduous leaves are fleshy, light green, obovate, up to 10 inches (25 cm) long, and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide. The underside of young leaves is bright red, turning greenish on maturing. The stem is pale green, obtusely 5-angled, up to 4 inches (10 cm) thick, with scattered shallow projections along the angles occasionally crowned by a minute reddish brown spine. On young plants, angles are more pronounced, and spines are larger. The small flowers are pale green tinged with pink and appear in 3- to 7-forked cymes on up to 2.6 inches (6 cm) long peduncles.
USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Euphorbias are very easy to care for. These plants require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerate wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. Feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly if you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor.
These succulents can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). They are usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias. They tend to grow problem-free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for.
See more at How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.
This species is endemic to Tanzania.
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