Dudleya lanceolata Britton & Rose
Lanceleaf Liveforever, Lance-leaved Dudleya, Southern California Dudleya
Cotyledon bernardina, Cotyledon brauntonii, Cotyledon brautonii, Cotyledon congesta, Cotyledon hallii, Cotyledon lanceolata, Cotyledon lurida, Cotyledon minor, Cotyledon parishii, Cotyledon robusta, Dudleya bernardina, Dudleya bicolor, Dudleya brauntonii, Dudleya congesta, Dudleya elongata, Dudleya hallii, Dudleya lurida, Dudleya minor, Dudleya parishii, Dudleya pendletonia, Dudleya reflexa, Dudleya robusta, Dudleya temeculana, Echeveria bernardina, Echeveria brauntonii, Echeveria congesta, Echeveria elongata, Echeveria gossoti, Echeveria hallii, Echeveria lanceolata, Echeveria minor, Echeveria monicae, Echeveria parishii, Echeveria reflexa, Echeveria robusta
Dudleya lanceolata is a succulent plant that forms rosettes of fleshy pointed leaves. The rosettes grow up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall and 10 inches (25 cm) in diameter. Leaves are variable in shape, from flat, spade-shaped to elongated. They are also variable in color, from pale green, darker green to red, sometimes having a light powdery white coating. The leaves are up to 12 inches (30 cm) long and 1.6 inches (4 cm) wide. They are often shriveled under drought stress. Stems are erect and bear a branching inflorescence with up to 20 flowers on each of its few branches. Flowers are yellow, orange, pink, or red, with pale green bases and appear in spring and summer.
USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Most of the habitats Dudleyas occupy become dry in summer. Therefore, it is important to cut off water to Dudleyas in your garden during the summer. Plants grown in sandy soils or containers are exceptions. They will accept infrequent summer watering as long as the soil drains well. The onset of fall or winter rains reawakens Dudleyas from drought-induced dormancy. Their shriveled leaves plump up quickly, growth resumes, and flowering occurs during the next spring or summer. These plants are amazingly resilient. If a portion of a colony sloughs off a cliff face or is uprooted by a burrowing animal, it can persist for months until soil contact is reestablished. Species that naturally grow on ocean bluffs are also salt-spray tolerant.
Dudleyas have their share of disease and pest problems. However, if you can prevent Argentine Ants from introducing mealybugs or aphids to your Dudleyas, they will be healthier. Mealybugs nestle in the deep recesses of the leaves, and their feeding weakens the plants.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Dudleya.
This species is native to the mountains of Southern California and Baja California, where it is found in rocky areas and slopes.
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