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Cleretum bellidiforme (Livingstone Daisy)


Scientific Name

Cleretum bellidiforme (Burman f.) G.D.Rowley

Common Names

Livingstone Daisy


Cleretum criniflorum, Cleretum cuneifolium, Cleretum flos-solis, Cleretum limpidum, Cleretum muirii, Cleretum oculatum, Dorotheanthus acuminatus, Dorotheanthus bellidiformis, Dorotheanthus bidouwensis, Dorotheanthus criniflorus, Dorotheanthus flos-solis, Dorotheanthus hallii, Dorotheanthus littlewoodii, Dorotheanthus luteus, Dorotheanthus martinii, Dorotheanthus muirii, Dorotheanthus oculatus, Dorotheanthus stayneri, Dorotheanthus ulularis, Mesembryanthemum bellidiforme (basionym), Mesembryanthemum criniflorum, Mesembryanthemum cuneifolium, Mesembryanthemum flos-solis, Mesembryanthemum limpidum, Mesembryanthemum spathulatum, Micropterum cuneifolium, Micropterum limpidum, Stigmatocarpum criniflorum

Scientific Classification

Family: Aizoaceae
Tribe: Dorotheantheae
Genus: Cleretum


Cleretum bellidiforme is an annual succulent that grows up to 10 inches (25 cm) tall and forms a groundcover with several spreading branches. Leaves are green or maroon-tinted with notably, bladder-shaped surface cells modified for water storage. Flowers are daisy-like, up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter, and appear in shades of white, yellow, orange, cream, pink and crimson.

Cleretum bellidiforme (Livingstone Daisy)

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It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone.

How to Grow and Care

Mesembs are mostly adapted to relatively predictable rainfall patterns rather than extreme drought and irregular rainfall. Total rainfall may be extremely low, but water is available at least seasonally or through fog and condensation. This leads to or allows plants which are not especially large and sometimes very small, and affects the way they need to be treated in cultivation.

The basics of care are very simple, with free-draining soil, plenty of sun and ventilation, and regular light watering in the right season. Yet the difficulties are endless, trying to adapt to the Mesembs' own adaptability and to follow their growth habits in your particular conditions.

These plants require a loam-based compost with the addition of extra drainage material such as horticultural grit or perlite. They all like good light conditions and plenty of ventilation.

Some are relatively cold-hardy and can even survive mild winters outside. Most will withstand temperatures down to the freezing point. There are some Mesembs which begin to grow in the fall as the temperature drops and the days get shorter.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Mesembs.


Cleretum bellidiforme is native to the Cape Peninsula in South Africa.


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