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Agave vilmoriniana (Octopus Agave)


Scientific Name

Agave vilmoriniana A. Berger

Common Names

Octopus Agave


Agave eduardii, Agave mayoensis

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


Agave vilmoriniana is an unusual-looking succulent that forms a solitary rosette of narrow, green leaves that twist back towards the ground, making it look like an octopus with outreaching tentacles. The rosette grows up to 4 feet (1.2 m) tall with an equal diameter. Leaves are up to 3 feet (90 cm) long and up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide. At the end of its life, usually in winter, cream yellow to whitish flowers appear atop an up to 15 feet (4.5 m) tall flower stalk.

Agave vilmoriniana (Octopus Agave)

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USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Agaves are not difficult plants to grow. They are slow-growing and dramatic and will even thrive on a bit of neglect. If you are the type of person who likes to fuss with houseplants and water a lot, Agave is probably not the plant for you. If, however, you are the type of person who likes to set it and forget it, and you have a sunny window, Agave might the way to go. Be aware that some of the large varieties will eventually outgrow your room (unless you have a large greenhouse), and Agave can be aggressive. They have irritating sap and sometimes very sharp thorns that can cause injuries to small children and even pets.

In general, Agaves do not need to be repotted every year. Most of the species commonly found in cultivation grow very slowly and take a long time to outgrow their pot. It is also best to handle your plant as little as possible since they do not like to be disturbed. When you do repot, refresh the spent soil with a new potting mix and make sure the plant is firmly anchored in its pot. However, be careful not to pot the Agave too deep as that will encourage stem rot during the growing season.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Agave.


Agave vilmoriniana is native to Mexico.



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