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Agave nizandensis (Nizanda Agave)


Scientific Name

Agave nizandensis Cutak

Common Names

Nizanda Agave

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


This species is native to southern Mexico (a small area near the town of Nizanda in the State of Oaxaca).


Agave nizandensis is a low-growing succulent that forms stemless rosettes of few green leaves with a pale mid-stripe. The rosettes grow up to 2 feet (60 cm) in diameter, slowly spreading by stolons. Leaves are narrow, up to 1 foot (30 cm) long and up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, with small marginal teeth and a blunt red terminal spine. They are recurved downwards, with upper surface flat to slightly concave and convex below. In winter or with some water stress, leaves are flushed with red or purple. Flowers are yellowish-green and appear in clusters on up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall spike, usually in summer.

The specific epithet "nizandensis" refers to Nizanda, the town where the species is found.

Agave nizandensis (Nizanda Agave)

Photo by Robin Fuller

How to Grow and Care for Agave nizandensis

Light: These plants require full sun to part shade. If you are growing Agaves indoors, choose a bright, sunny window with as much sun possible. Agave plants love going outside from spring to fall.

Soil: Agaves will tolerate most soils as long as they have good drainage, but their preference is sandy or rocky soil.

Hardiness: Agave nizandensis can withstand temperatures as low as 30 to 40 °F (-1.1 to 4.4 °C), USDA hardiness zones 10a to 10b.

Watering: Mature plants are very drought tolerant. From spring to fall, water thoroughly your Agave when the soil mix becomes dry. In winter, water sparingly about once a month. Plants in containers require more frequent watering than those in the ground.

Fertilizing: Give your Agaves a small amount of fertilizer in the spring during the first two years.

Repotting: When the pot becomes full of roots, it has become pot-bound. If you notice you Agave becoming pot-bound, repot it with new soil in a new pot that is just slightly larger than the old one.

Propagation: Since it can take years to produce seeds, Agaves are usually propagated by offsets.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Agave.

Toxicity of Agave nizandensis

Agave nizandensis is not toxic to humans, but it may be mildly poisonous to children and pets.


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