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Agave murpheyi – Hohokam Agave


Scientific Name

Agave murpheyi Gibson

Common Names

Hohokam Agave, Murphey Agave, Murphey's Century Plant

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


Agave murpheyi produces a rosette of leaves up to 2.6 feet (80 cm) long and up to 8 inches (20 cm) wide in shades of green to blue-green with pale banding. They develop a red coloration during flowering. The leaves may curl slightly toward the center. They are lined with small, straight teeth and tipped with a spine up to 0.8 inch (2 cm) long. It produces an inflorescence up to 13.1 feet (4 m) tall with many flowers along the branches. The flowers are greenish with purple or brown tips and are up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long. The fruit is a woody capsule up to 2.8 inches (7 cm) long containing seeds but these are rarely produced with the flowers aborting before the fruits form.

Agave murpheyi - Hohokam Agave

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How to Grow and Care

Agave is not a difficult plant to grow. They're slow-growing and dramatic and will even thrive on a bit of neglect. If you're the type of person who likes to fuss with houseplants and water a lot, Agave is probably not the plant for you. If, however, you're the type of person who likes to set it and forget it, and you have a sunny window, Agave might the way to go. Be aware that some of the large varieties will eventually outgrow your room (unless you have a large greenhouse), and Agave can be aggressive. They have irritating sap and sometimes very sharp thorns that can cause injuries to small children and even pets.

In general, Agave do not need to be repotted every year. Most of the species commonly found in cultivation grow very slowly and will take a long time to outgrow their pot. It's also best to handle your Agave as little as possible, since they do not like to be disturbed. When you do repot, refresh the spent soil with new potting mix and make sure the plant is firmly anchored in its pot… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Agave.


It is found growing only at a few dozen archaeological sites of the ancient Hohokam Indians in southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids


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