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Agave guiengola (Dolphin Agave)


Scientific Name

Agave guiengola Gentry

Common Names

Dolphin Agave

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


This species is native to Mexico (Oaxaca).


Agave guiengola is a succulent that forms attractive rosettes of whitish-green to bluish leaves. It is one of the most spectacular Agaves. Rosettes grow up to up to 4 feet (1.2 m) tall and up to 6 feet (1.8 m) in diameter. The common name "Dolphin Agave" refers to its broad, smooth, and surprisingly soft leaves with many dark brown marginal teeth and a sharp, brown terminal spine. After 15 to 25 years, usually from spring to summer, the rosette produces an unbranched, up to 10 feet (3 m) tall spike with pale yellow flowers. Fruits are brown, elongated, up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) long capsules.

The specific epithet "guiengola" refers to the Cerro Guiengola, the limestone mountain in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca, where the species was first discovered.

Agave guiengola (Dolphin Agave)

Photo by argosdog

How to Grow and Care for Agave guiengola

Light: These plants require full sun to part shade. If you are growing Agaves indoors, choose a bright, sunny window with as much sun possible. Agave plants love going outside from spring to fall.

Soil: Agaves will tolerate most soils as long as they have good drainage, but their preference is sandy or rocky soil.

Hardiness: Agave guiengola can withstand temperatures as low as 20 to 40 °F (-6.7 to 4.4 °C), USDA hardiness zones 9a to 10b.

Watering: Mature plants are very drought tolerant. From spring to fall, water thoroughly your Agave when the soil mix becomes dry. In winter, water sparingly about once a month. Plants in containers require more frequent watering than those in the ground.

Fertilizing: Give your Agaves a small amount of fertilizer in the spring during the first two years.

Repotting: When the pot becomes full of roots, it has become pot-bound. If you notice you Agave becoming pot-bound, repot it with new soil in a new pot that is just slightly larger than the old one.

Propagation: Since it can take years to produce seeds, Agaves are usually propagated by offsets.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Agave.

Toxicity of Agave guiengola

Agave guiengola is not toxic to humans, but it may be mildly poisonous to children and pets.


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