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Tylecodon florentii


Scientific Name

Tylecodon florentii van Jaarsv.

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Tylecodon


This species is native to South Africa (restricted to the upper south-facing reddish sandstone cliffs of the Kookrivier, Northern Cape).


Tylecodon florentii is a small succulent with thick branches that grow from a tuberous base. The caudex is subglobular with flaking greyish bark, up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) tall and up to 2.2 inches (5.5 cm) in diameter. Branches are fleshy, densely covered in short greyish-brown phyllopodia. They are up to 10 inches (25 cm) long and up to 0.15 (0.4 cm) in diameter. Leaves are fleshy, green to dull green, and covered in short translucent glandular hairs. They are rounded or heart-shaped, up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) long and up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Flowers are tubular, white to light pink, and appear in summer when the plant sheds its leaves.

The specific epithet "florentii" honors Florent Grenier, who discovered the species in 2015, a French botanist specialized in the pollination ecology of Namaqualand xerophytes and author of the book "Secrets of Namaqualand Succulents."

How to Grow and Care for Tylecodon florentii

Light: Tylecodons can survive direct sunlight exposure without any problems, but they will grow beautifully when in shadow.

Soil: A well-draining soil mix is a key to healthy T. florentii. Poor drainage and overwatering most commonly cause root rot in both indoor and outdoor plants.

Hardiness: These plants are extremely tolerant when it comes to high temperatures, and also tolerant of cold, frost-free conditions during the winter. T. florentii can withstand temperatures as low as 25 to 50 °F (-3.9 to 10 °C), USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b.

Watering: T. florentii require careful watering during the winter until the spring. Get the soil wet and then wait until it is dry before watering again. In the summer, reduce watering to once per month.

Fertilizing: Use liquid fertilizer for cacti and other succulents during the winter months.

Repotting: You do not need to repot T. florentii often. You can do it when you see that the container becomes too small or shallow.

Propagation: These succulents can be cultivated either by seed or by cuttings. Sow the seeds in fall and winter in a seedbox with a well-draining potting mix. The best time for taking cuttings is the fall.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Tylecodon.

Toxicity of Tylecodon florentii

Tylecodons are adapted to avoid animal predation being poisonous. Keep them away from children, pets, and livestock.


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