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Echeveria xichuensis

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Scientific Name

Echeveria xichuensis L.G.Lopez Chavez & J.Reyes

Accepted Scientific Name

Echeveria humilis Rose ex Britton & Rose

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sedoideae
Tribe: Sedeae
Subtribe: Sedinae
Genus: Echeveria

Origin

This species is native to Mexico (Guanajuato).

Description

Echeveria xichuensis is a succulent that form stemless or short-stemmed rosettes of dark olive green leaves tinged purple, with transverse and longitudinal markings. The rosettes grow 4.8 inches (12 cm) in diameter. Leave are thick, elliptical to egg-shaped, up to 2.4 inches (6 cm) long and about 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Flowers are pink with salmon tips, light orange inside, and usually appear in spring.

This species was synonymized (IHSP 2003) with Echeveria humilis, but there are significant differences between these two taxa.

The specific epithet "xichuensis" derives from "Xichú" and the Latin suffix "ensis," meaning "pertaining to or originating in," and refers to the location in which the species was found, Xichú, Guanajuato, Mexico.

Echeveria xichuensis

Photo by Noelene Tomlinson

How to Grow and Care for Echeveria xichuensis

Light: Echeverias prefer full sun to partial shade. However, try to avoid drastic sunlight changes and full afternoon sun, especially in summer. During the winter, when your E. xichuensis is inside, put it near the brightest window in your home. The plant will stretch if it does not have enough sunlight.

Soil: E. xichuensis needs potting soil mix that drains quickly. Many growers will create their own mix. However, commercial cactus and succulent potting mixes will work fine.

Hardiness: Echeverias are tender succulents. Many will tolerate several degrees below freezing but do not grow them in the ground if they are subject to harsh conditions. E. xichuensis can withstand temperatures as low as 25 to 50 °F (-3.9 to 10 °C), USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b.

Watering: When and how to water is a crucial part of Echeveria care. They do not like to be kept too wet, but they also do not like to be kept too dry. The "soak and dry" method is the preferred schedule for watering your E. xichuensis. Wrinkled leaves indicate the plant needs more water.

Fertilizing: Echeverias grow well without fertilizer but may benefit from the extra nutrients. Use a slow-release fertilizer in spring or a liquid fertilizer diluted 2 to 4 times more than usual and used less often than recommended.

Repotting: Repot only as needed during spring or early summer when E. xichuensis is actively growing. Make sure the soil is dry before repotting.

Propagation: These succulents are usually propagated from offsets or leaves, but Echeverias can also be grown from stem cuttings and seeds. The best time to separate offsets and take cuttings is in the spring. Sow the seeds in spring or summer.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Echeveria.

Toxicity of Echeveria xichuensis

Echeverias are safe around pets and humans, although it is not advisable to eat them.

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