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Mitrophyllum grande


Scientific Name

Mitrophyllum grande N.E. Br.


Conophyllum grande, Conophyllum brevisepalum, Conophyllum carterianum, Conophyllum cuspidatum, Conophyllum latibracteatum, Mesembryanthemum proximum, Mimetophytum crassifolium, Mitrophyllum brevisepalum, Mitrophyllum brevisepalum, Mitrophyllum carterianum, Mitrophyllum crassifolium, Mitrophyllum cuspidatum, Mitrophyllum latibracteatum f. ferum, Mitrophyllum pillansii

Scientific Classification

Family: Aizoaceae
Genus: Mitrophyllum


Mitrophyllum grande is a small compact succulent shrub with long, erect shoots. It grows up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall. The internodes between the leaf pairs are up to 0.4 inches (1 cm) in diameter. Paired leaves are up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide. Flowers are solitary, white, up to 1.8 inches (4.5) cm in diameter, and appear from fall to winter. The fruits are partially covered in membranes and born on erect stalks.

Mitrophyllum grande

Photo by Cok Grootscholten


USDA hardiness zones 10b to 11b: from 35 °F (+1.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Mesembs are mostly adapted to relatively predictable rainfall patterns rather than extreme drought and irregular rainfall. Total rainfall may be extremely low, but water is available at least seasonally or through fog and condensation. This leads to or allows plants that are not especially large and sometimes very small and affects how they need to be treated in cultivation.

The basics of care are very simple: free-draining soil, plenty of sun and ventilation, and regular light watering in the right season. The difficulties are endless, trying to adapt to the Mesembs' adaptability and follow their growth habits in your particular conditions.

These plants require a loam-based compost with extra drainage material such as horticultural grit or perlite. They all like good light conditions and plenty of ventilation.

Some are relatively cold-hardy and can even survive mild winters outside. Most will survive temperatures down to the freezing point. Some Mesembs begin to grow in the fall as the temperature drops and the days get shorter.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Mesembs.


Mitrophyllum grande is native to South Africa (Northern Cape Province).


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