Manfreda is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae. There are 28 species of Manfreda, distributed from South-eastern and South Texas, Eastern Mexico, and Guatemala. These succulent plants are small and stemless or with a short stem. The fleshy leaves form a loose rosette. Leaf edges are smooth or have tiny teeth, and there are no terminal spines. The relatively tall inflorescence carries fragrant tubular flowers.
Some authorities place Manfreda in the genus Polianthes, while others place both in the genus Agave. The generic name honors the 14th-century Italian writer Manfredus de Monte Imperiale.
The Spotted Manfreda, also called Texas Tuberose (Manfreda maculosa), has silvery-green leaves covered with purple spots and is a popular xeriscape plant in the Southwest United States.
Manfreda species contain saponins used as detergents. They are also traditionally used as remedies against snakebites. While efficacy against a snakebite is doubtful, it is just about possible that the soapy content could help to inactivate the toxic enzymes in some snake venoms.
Growing Conditions and General Care
Manfreda is a tender perennial or "temperennial" plant that grows best in full sun. Plant them in well-drained, dry to average soil in containers just slightly wider than the width of the rosette or plant directly in the ground. Since the plants have a relatively large root system, the containers should be at least 12 inches (30 cm) deep. Manfredas are slower growers, so they will not quickly overtake the space allotted in the landscape.
In summer, when the plants are actively growing, they appreciate a bit of supplemental watering and half-strength fertilizer. During the winter months, the plants should be allowed to dry and stored in a cold room at 48 °F (9° C). Water them only enough to keep the foliage from shriveling.
Manfredas are propagated by the removal of offsets and from fresh seed. Fresh seeds germinate in 7 to 21 days at 68 to 72 °F (19 to 22 °C).
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