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Euphorbia clivicola

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Scientific Name

Euphorbia clivicola R.A.Dyer

Scientific Classification

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia

Description

Euphorbia clivicola is a short, spiny, perennial succulent with a subterranean root system and a root tuber which is up to 6 inches (15 cm) long and up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) thick and tapers towards the base. Four-angled branches, armed with paired spines are yellowish green, up to 2.4 inches (6 cm) long and aggregate into a dense mass above the ground. The flowers are very small and unisexual and are arranged in cup-like structures with yellow, nectar-bearing glands around the rim. They are arranged in groups of three at flowering eyes towards the end of the branches. In each group of three cyathia the central one contains only male flowers and the outer two contain both male and female flowers.

Photo via fotki.com

How to Grow and Care

Euphorbias are very easy to care for. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerant wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.

Euphorbia can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). It is usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky, because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias. They tend to grow problem free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.

Origin

Native to South Africa.

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