Euphorbia clivicola R.A.Dyer
This species is native to South Africa. It occurs on gentle slopes with northern and northeastern aspects in the Limpopo province.
Euphorbia clivicola is a spiny succulent with short 4-angled branches arising from an underground system of rhizomes and roots. The branches are yellowish-green, up to 2.4 inches (6 cm) long, and aggregate into a dense mass above the ground. They are armed with paired spines. Flowers are tiny, unisexual, arranged in cup-like structures with yellow nectar-bearing glands around the rim. They appear in groups of three with flowering eyes towards the end of the branches. In each group of cyathia, the central one contains only male flowers, and the outer two have both male and female flowers.
USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Euphorbias are very easy to care for. These plants require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. More die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH but cannot tolerate wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed them with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.
These succulents can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). They are usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias. They tend to grow problem-free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.
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