Aloe maculata All.
Soap Aloe, Zebra Aloe
Aloe saponaria, Aloe saponaria var. saponaria, Aloe commutata var. bicolor, Aloe picta subsp. major
Aloe maculata is an evergreen, succulent perennial up to 18 inches (45 cm) tall and up to 24 inches (60 cm) wide. It is very variable but its distinctly flat-topped inflorescences and usually uniformly colored flowers distinguish it from most other spotted Aloes. The broad, triangular leaves vary considerably in length and shape, but are mostly recurved towards the dried, twisted tips. The inflorescence can have up to 6 branches. The stalks of the open flowers are longer than those of the buds. Flower color ranges from yellow and red to orange. Flowering time is variable, and various forms may flower in summer, winter or spring.
USDA hardiness zones 8a to 11b: from 10 °F (−12.2 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Aloe is a very forgiving plant, and a well-grown plant can be quite beautiful. As with all succulents, it is essential that Aloe is never allowed to sit in stagnant water, and the plant should be carefully monitored to watch for signs of overwatering.
These succulents are not particularly fast-growing and will only rarely need repotting. Repot Aloes in the spring that are tipping over their pots or have ceased growing. Use a fast-draining potting mix with one-third sand or pebbles. During repotting of a larger plant, it is possible to carefully divide the root ball. Some varieties of Aloe will send off offsets that can be potted independently.
Aloe plants need strong, bright light. They can withstand full summer sun, once acclimated. In the winter, provide bright light. It prefers warmer temperatures of 70 to 80 °F (21 to 27 °C), but will survive down to 40 °F (4.5 °C). Feed with a succulent fertilizer in the summer only. Suspend feeding in the winter as the plant goes dormant.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Aloe.
Aloe maculata is native to southern Africa, from Zimbabwe in the north, to the Cape Peninsula in the south. Specifically, it is native to southern and eastern South Africa, south-eastern Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids
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