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Agave salmiana – Pulque Agave, Giant Agave


Scientific Name

Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck

Common Names

Pulque Agave, Giant Agave, Century Plant, Maguey de Pulque (Spanish)


Agave salmiana var. salmiana, Agave tehuacanensis, Agave mitriformis, Agave dyckii, Agave lehmannii

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave


Agave salmiana is a vigorous and evergreen plant. The green leaves are strap shaped, up to 5 feet (1.5 m) long with large spins (up to 3 inches/7.5 cm) arranged its leaf margins. When the plant matures and blooms the tall candelabra inflorescence rises to over 20 feet (6 m) bearing yellow flowers that attract birds and bees. Each plant flowers once, usually after 20 years.

How to Grow and Care

Agave is not a difficult plant to grow. They’re slow-growing and dramatic and will even thrive on a bit of neglect. If you’re the type of person who likes to fuss with houseplants and water a lot, Agave is probably not the plant for you. If, however, you’re the type of person who likes to set it and forget it, and you have a sunny window, Agave might the way to go. Be aware that some of the large varieties will eventually outgrow your room (unless you have a large greenhouse), and Agave can be aggressive. They have irritating sap and sometimes very sharp thorns that can cause injuries to small children and even pets.

In general, Agave do not need to be repotted every year. Most of the species commonly found in cultivation grow very slowly and will take a long time to outgrow their pot. It’s also best to handle your Agave as little as possible, since they do not like to be disturbed… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Agave.


Man has been harvesting and utilizing Agaves for approximately 9,000 years. The huge plant comprised a huge part of primitive man’s diet. Closely related to lilies there are three major parts which are edible: flowers, stalks or basal rosettes, and the sap. Leaves are a lesser edible part of the plant… – See more at: Century Plant – Edible Agave.


Native to central and southern Mexico.


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