Agave applanata K.Koch
Gray Agave, Gray Century Plant
Agave applanata var. spectabilis, Agave cinerascens, Agave spectabilis
This species is native to the middle elevations of the mountains in Central Mexico. It is mostly found in Veracruz and Puebla, but also in Chihuahua, Durango, Queretaro, and Oaxaca.
Agave applanata is a succulent plant that forms a usually solitary rosette of silvery-blue to gray-green leaves with sharp dark brown to black marginal teeth and long dark reddish-brown terminal spine that become greyish with age. The rosette grows up to 6.6 feet (2 m) in diameter and occasionally produces a few offsets. Leaves are marked with bud imprints. They are up to 3.3 feet (8 m) long and 7 inches (18 cm) wide. Flowers are bright yellow, shortly tubular, and appear in clusters on an up to 26.2 feet (8 m) tall spike in spring, usually after 15 to 25 years.
The specific epithet "applanata" derives from the Latin "applanatus," meaning "flattened or horizontally expanded," and almost certainly refers to the appearance of young plants but does not apply to adult plants.
How to Grow and Care for Agave applanata
Light: These plants require full sun to part shade. If you are growing Agaves indoors, choose a bright, sunny window with as much sun as possible. Agave plants love going outside from spring to fall.
Soil: Agaves will tolerate most soils as long as they have good drainage, but their preference is sandy or rocky soil.
Hardiness: Agave applanata can withstand temperatures as low as 10 to 40 °F (-12.2 to 4.4 °C), USDA hardiness zones 8a to 10b.
Watering: Mature plants are very drought tolerant. From spring to fall, water thoroughly your Agave when the soil mix becomes dry. In winter, water sparingly about once a month. Plants in containers require more frequent watering than those in the ground.
Fertilizing: Give your Agaves a small amount of fertilizer in the spring during the first two years.
Repotting: When the pot becomes full of roots, it has become pot-bound. If you notice your Agave becoming pot-bound, repot it with new soil in a new pot that is just slightly larger than the old one.
Propagation: This succulent is usually propagated by seeds, or offsets sometimes produced during the flowering process. Sow the seeds in spring. The best time to remove the offsets is in spring and summer.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Agave.
Toxicity of Agave applanata
Agave applanata is not toxic to humans but can be mildly poisonous to children and pets.
Cultivars of Agave applanata
- Back to genus Agave
- Succupedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
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