Agave angustifolia Haw.
Caribbean Agave, Mescal Agave, Century Plant, Narrow-Leaved Century Plant, Maguey
Agave elongata, Agave lespinassei, Agave wightii, Agave wrightii, Agave yaquiana, Agave zapupe, Agave vivipara (misapplied)
Agave angustifolia is a succulent plant that grows up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall, forming large rosettes of narrow, stiffly, erect leaves with moderately-spaced spines. Flowers are greenish-yellow to white and appear on a stem that grows up to 16.5 feet (5 m) tall. It blooms after ten years or more in spring and dies after flowering.
USDA hardiness zone 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Agave is not a difficult plant to grow. They are slow-growing and dramatic and will even thrive on a bit of neglect. If you are the type of person who likes to fuss with houseplants and water a lot, Agave is probably not the plant for you. If, however, you are the type of person who likes to set it and forget it, and you have a sunny window, Agave might the way to go. Be aware that some of the large varieties will eventually outgrow your room (unless you have a large greenhouse), and Agave can be aggressive. They have irritating sap and sometimes very sharp thorns that can injure small children and even pets.
In general, Agaves do not need to be repotted every year. Most of the species commonly found in cultivation grow very slowly and take a long time to outgrow their pot. It is also best to handle your Agave as little as possible since they do not like to be disturbed. When you do repot, refresh the spent soil with a new potting mix and make sure the plant is firmly anchored in its pot. However, be careful not to pot the Agave too deep as that will encourage stem rot during the growing season. See more at How to Grow and Care for Agave.
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