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Adenia perrieri (Bottle Tree)


Scientific Name

Adenia perrieri Claverie

Common Names

Bottle Tree

Scientific Classification

Family: Passifloraceae
Genus: Adenia


Adenia perrieri is a climbing succulent with a tuberous rootstock (caudex) up to 8 inches (20 cm) in diameter The caudex produces one or several green vines that can reach up to 10 feet (3 m). The leaves are variable in shape and size up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) long and up to 0.6 inch (1.5 cm) wide. The leaf shape depends on the location. Places with natural vegetation and without bush fires have plants with the leaf segments being simple. In places where fires regularly occur, plants have leaf lobes that are deeply dissected. There is a "snowflake" version of the typical leaves but with white spots on them. The flowers are small and greenish white.

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USDA hardiness zone 11a to 11b: from 40 °F (+4.4 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Adenia plants are summer growers and can be watered and fed regularly if planted in fast draining soil. Let the soil dry between watering if you are in a humid climate.

Most of your growth will be during the warm season and the plant will have the most leaves. The plant will also grow best with the leaves exposed to bright light, but the caudex shaded.

During the cool months protect the plant from frost to keep it alive. The plant normally rests during this period and water should be kept to a minimum. However, you can keep the plant active, if you can keep it above 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius).

Their sap is poisonous, and they should be handled with caution, particularly when pruning.

Most cuttings do not produce a caudex so it is best to propagate by seeds. Adenias are either male or female so one of each is required to produce seeds… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Adenia


It is native to Madagascar.


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