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Plectranthus hadiensis (Hairy Spurflower)

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Scientific Name

Plectranthus hadiensis (Forssk.) Schweinf. ex Sprenger

Common Names

Hairy Spurflower

Synonyms

Coleus forsskaolii, Coleus personatus, Coleus rupestris, Coleus schweinfurthii, Coleus zeylanicus, Germanea forsskaolii, Germanea horrida, Majana forsskaolii, Ocimum hadiense, Plectranthus cyaneus, Plectranthus draconis, Plectranthus erlangeri, Plectranthus forsskaolii, Plectranthus fragrans, Plectranthus hararensis, Plectranthus horridus, Plectranthus pachyphyllus, Plectranthus paucicrenatus, Plectranthus petrensis, Plectranthus ramosior, Plectranthus rupestris, Plectranthus tomentosus, Plectranthus woodii, Plectranthus zeylanicus

Scientific Classification

Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Genus: Plectranthus

Description

Plectranthus hadiensis is an attractive, perennial shrub up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall and up to 3.3 feet (1 m) wide. Semi-succulent stems are red at the base and leaves are arranged alternately with axillary buds at the base of leaf petioles. Leaves are ovate to round, up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide, soft and hairy, green and sometimes variegated. Margins are toothed with 4 to 14 pairs of teeth. Terminal inflorescence is up to 20 inches (50 cm) long, with pairs of side branches and mauve to white flowers arranged in a whorl, up to 1 foot (30 cm) apart. Flowers appear from fall to winter.

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Plectranthus species are easily cultivated and require little extra attention or special treatment. They enjoy well-composted soil and as rule thrive in semi shade or cool positions on south facing aspects. These plants are ideally suited to growth under the shade of trees. They are generally shallow rooted and enjoy adequate water, but Plectranthus do store water in their stems and are resistant to prolonged periods of drought.

These plants are often grown for their attractive foliage, flowers or both and vary in their growth forms from dense prostrate ground covers to sub-shrubs and large shrubs.

Although they are frost tender Plectranthus are usually grown in shady protected places and as such are afforded some protection from frost. Due to the fact that they all flower at the end of the growing season, frost does not affect flowering. If the plants are affected by frost they can be cut back at the end of winter and will grow out rapidly. Once the plants have been established for a year or more they become woodier at the base and are more resistant to frost damage.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Plectranthus.

Origin

Plectranthus hadiensis has a widespread distribution from the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces in South Africa to the Arabian Peninsula.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids

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