Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) Pfeiff.
Bunny Ears, Bunny Ears Cactus, Bunny Cactus, Polka Dot Cactus, Bunny-ears Prickly-pear, Angel's Wings, Golden-Bristle, Golden-Bristle Cactus
Opuntia microdasys var. microdasys, Cactus microdasys, Opuntia macrocalyx
Opuntia microdasys is a very popular cactus that forms a dense shrub composed of green, pad-like stems. Outdoor plants can grow up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall and up to 6 feet (1.8 m) wide. Stems are oval to round, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long, and up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) wide. They have no spines but instead have numerous yellow glochids (micro-spines) at each aureole. Flowers are pure yellow or tinged with red, up to 2 inches (5 cm) long, up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) in diameter, and appear in summer. They are followed by round to egg-shaped, up to 2 inches (5 cm) long, red to purplish fruits.
USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
A spot near a south-facing, unobstructed window is most likely to meet Bunny Ears Cactus' need for bright, direct sun. Windows with western or eastern exposure run as second and third choices. While an actively growing Bunny Ears Cactus tolerates indoor summer temperatures as high as 100 °F (38 °C), don't expect it to flower unless you also provide winter temperatures between 45 and 55 °F (7 and 13 °C). Regardless of the season, it likes humidity in the 10 to 30 percent range. Finally, if none of your windows provides adequate light, place the plant 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) below a cool white fluorescent tube for 14 to 16 hours each day.
The potting soil must drain quickly. Use a commercial cactus potting mix or mix your own. The best container for your cactus is a clay pot just slightly larger and deeper than the plant's root system. It must have drainage holes because a pot without them or a pot that's too large could make proper watering impossible.
Opuntia microdasys is native to central and northern Mexico.
Subspecies, Varieties, and Forms
- Opuntia microdasys subsp. rufida
- Opuntia microdasys var. albispina
- Opuntia microdasys var. pallida
- Opuntia microdasys var. pallida f. cristata
- Back to genus Opuntia
- Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
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