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Manfreda maculosa – Texas Tuberose


Scientific Name

Manfreda maculosa (Hook.) Rose

Common Names

Texas Tuberose, Spice Lily, Manfreda Agave, Rattlesnake Agave


Agave maculata, Polianthes maculosa

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Manfreda


Manfreda maculosa is a particularly nice and robust form of this deciduous succulent perennial. It grows nearly flat to the ground, forming a rosette of fleshy, narrow one foot (30 cm) long, soft sword-shaped dull-green leaves that are heavily marked with round reddish-purple to dark brown spots. In the spring appear long spikes, up to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall, bearing mildly fragrant up to 2 inches (5 cm) cream to greenish-white flowers that age to a rose pink. The flowers open and change colors over 3 to 4 days of life.

How to Grow and Care

Manfreda is a tender perennial or “temperennial” succulent plant that grows best in full sun. Plant in well-drained, dry to average soil in containers just slightly wider than the width of the rosette or plant directly in the ground. Since the plant has a rather large root system, the container should be at least 12 inches (30 cm) deep. Manfreda is a slower grower, so it will not quickly overtake the space it is allotted in the landscape.

In summer when the plants are actively growing, they appreciate a bit of supplemental watering and half-strength fertilizer. During the winter months, the plants should be allowed to dry and should be stored in a cold room at 48°F (9° C). Plants are watered only enough to keep the foliage from shriveling.

Manfredas are propagated by the removal of offsets and from fresh seed. Fresh seed germinate in 7- 21 days at 68 to 72 °F (19 to 22 °C)… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Manfreda.


Endemic to southern Texas and northeastern Mexico.


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