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How to Grow and Care for a Spear Head Senecio


Senecio kleiniiformis, commonly called Spear Head or Spear Head Senecio, is a slow-growing succulent with fleshy light gray-green leaves and stems.

It seems that this species is native to South Africa, but there are doubts about its natural origin as some botanists mention that it has not yet been located in the wild. This species is thought to be found only in cultivation.

Spear Head grows outdoors in USDA plant hardiness zones 9b through 11b. It makes an attractive patio or porch plant in warmer climates and can be grown as a houseplant in cooler climates. Like many succulents, Spear Head is an easy plant to grow as long as you provide for its basic needs.

Growing Conditions and General Care

Spear Head prefers partial shade rather than the intense sun. Place it on a lightly shaded patio, porch, or balcony or near a window where it will receive direct morning sun or partly shaded afternoon sun.

Water Spear Head once every 2 to 3 weeks during the growing season, from spring to late summer. Water the soil until it is thoroughly moist and allow the pot to drain thoroughly. Only water the soil when it is dry, and do not water the plant if it is getting rainwater. Water the plant once a month during winter and only if the soil is thoroughly dry.

Fertilizing Spear Head encourages stronger, healthier growth. Fertilize the plant with a liquid 2-7-7 succulent fertilizer once a month from spring to late summer. Add 7 drops of the fertilizer to 1 quart of water and sprinkle the fertilizer around the soil. Always follow the directions on the fertilizer label, as rates vary by brand.

Spear Head needs little attention apart from the occasional watering and fertilizing. If the plant drops any of its leaves, remove them from the soil and discard them before they have a chance to rot or to grow mold, which can spread to the rest of the plant. This is particularly important during the winter, as the cold, wet weather encourages mold growth.


Repot Spear Head whenever you see roots around the drainage holes of the pot. Replant the succulent in the evening. Repot the plant in a pot 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm) wider and deeper than its previous pot and choose a pot with drainage holes. Use a well-draining potting mix. Water the succulent until the soil is thoroughly moist after transplanting.


Spear Head is easy to propagate by cuttings from late spring to summer.



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