Euphorbia pulvinata Marloth
The specific epithet "pulvinata (pul-vin-AH-tuh)" means "cushion-shaped" and refers to the growth habit of the species.
Euphorbia pulvinata is a small succulent with green stems with rudimentary, soon deciduous leaves leaving tiny white scars. It freely branches at the base, forming dense clumps. The stems are globose at first, becoming columnar with age, usually 7-angled, and can grow up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) tall and 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) in diameter. The rudimentary leaves are linear-lanceolate, soon deciduous, leaving small white scars on the stems. The spines are modified sterile peduncles. They are white to purple, depending on the season, up to 0.5 inches (1.2 cm) long, solitary, and irregularly scattered along the angles of the stems.
The flowers are yellow, yellow-green, or purplish-red, up to 0.15 inches (0.3 cm) in diameter, and appear clustered at the apex of the stems in winter and spring. Cyathia are solitary sessile or on short peduncles. The fruits are obtusely 3-angled capsules with pale brown seeds and can reach up to 0.2 inches (0.5 cm) in diameter.
USDA hardiness zone 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Euphorbias are very easy to care for plants. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect.
Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH but cannot tolerate wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed them with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.
See more at How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia.
Forms and Cultivars
- Back to genus Euphorbia
- Succupedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
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