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Euphorbia breviarticulata (False Cow Horn)


Scientific Name

Euphorbia breviarticulata Pax

Common Names

False Cow Horn


Euphorbia breviarticulata var. breviarticulata

Scientific Classification

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia


Euphorbia breviarticulata is a stout, succulent, leafless bush up to 15 feet (4.5 m) tall, much branched from the base and armed with very long spines. It is a species with one of the most beautiful variegated markings on the stem. The flowers are small and bright yellow in color.

Euphorbia breviarticulata (False Cow Horn)

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USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 0 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Euphorbias are very easy to care for. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerant wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.

Euphorbia can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). It is usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky, because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias. They tend to grow problem free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia


Euphorbia breviarticulata is native to Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania.


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