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Boophone haemanthoides (Namaqua Century Plant)


Scientific Name

Boophone haemanthoides F.M.Leight.

Common Names

Namaqua Century Plant, Cape Century Plant

Scientific Classification

Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Amaryllideae
Subtribe: Boophoninae
Genus: Boophone


Boophone haemanthoides is a deciduous, winter-growing, and summer-flowering geophyte that grows up to 20 inches (50 cm) tall from a large, egg-shaped bulb. A great deal of the bulb can be seen above ground. It produces a spreading fan of up to 20, strap-shaped, intensely glaucous leaves, arranged in 2 opposite rows. The leaf surfaces are flat or slightly to deeply channeled, and the leaf margins vary considerably from straight to slightly or strongly wavy. The dense, brush-like flower head emerges from the center of the bulb from early to mid-summer after the leaves have died back. The umbel is enclosed by two oval-shaped bracts and is carried on a thick, maroon, pinkish brown or yellow stem. The sweet-scented flowers are initially white, cream, or light yellow, aging to a dull pink.

Boophone haemanthoides (Namaqua Century Plant)

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USDA hardiness zones 10b to 11b: from 35 °F (+1.7 °C) to 45 °F (+7.2 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Namaqua Century Plant is a striking plant for a large pot, and also makes a handsome feature planted in bold groups in rock garden pockets. It is important to note that the bulbs are highly sensitive to excess moisture during the winter growing period and require a dry summer period when they are dormant.

These plants do not survive for long outdoors when planted in high rainfall areas. They require high light intensity to grow well, preferring full sun for as much of the day as possible. A pot at least 16 inches (40 cm) deep is needed for a mature bulb. When displayed as a pot subject, it performs well when placed on a sunny patio.

Grow the bulbs in a sandy, well-drained soil mixtures, such as equal parts of washed industrial sand and river sand. When planting Namaqua Century Plant, make sure that at least 2/3 of the bulb is above ground level. See more at: How to Grow and Care for a Namaqua Century Plant (Boophone haemanthoides)


Boophone haemanthoides is native to Namibia and the Cape Provinces of South Africa.


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