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Basella alba (Malabar Spinach)


Scientific Name

Basella alba L.

Common Names

Malabar Spinach, Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Climbing Spinach, Creeping Spinach, Buffalo Spinach, Ceylon Spinach


Basella cananifolia, Basella cordifolia, Basella crassifolia, Basella japonica, Basella lucida, Basella nigra, Basella ramosa, Basella rubra, Basella volubilis, Gandola nigra, Gandola rubra

Scientific Classification

Family: Basellaceae
Genus: Basella


Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed perennial vine up to 33 feet (10 m) long.  It can be grown as an annual, leafy vegetable for the cultivation of its edible, spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. The leaves are thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped, and have a mild flavor and mucilaginous texture. Small, purple-white flowers may appear at the end of the summer.


USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

This plant grows best in full sun. Malabar Spinach prefers continuously moist soil and a pH level of 6.5 to 6.8. It can be grown in pots or a garden with a trellis or up a wall. If the soil becomes dry, it will flower, and the leaves have a much more bitter flavor.

Malabar Spinach can be grown from seed. To start from seed, plant the seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost. Seeds should germinate in 10 to 20 days. If you want to speed up your seedling's growth, you can either soak them in water overnight before planting or use a knife to open up the hard exterior seed coating.

Seedlings can be transplanted into the garden once the soil has warmed and should be placed a foot (30 cm) apart. Plants will take off in the heat of the summer, above 80 °F (27 °C). Malabar Spinach does best with some type of vertical support. It can also ramble along the ground. This plant is beautiful, so it makes a lovely addition to your ornamental landscape.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Malabar Spinach (Basella alba).


Basella alba is native to the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and New Guinea.


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