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Alluaudia procera (Madagascar Ocotillo)


Scientific Name

Alluaudia procera (Drake) Drake

Common Names

Madagascan Ocotillo, Madagascar Ocotillo, African Ocotillo


Didierea procera (basionym)

Scientific Classification

Family: Didiereaceae
Subfamily: Didiereoideae
Genus: Alluaudia


Alluaudia procera is a spiny and scarcely branched or occasionally columnar, small succulent tree up to 50 feet (15 m) tall, with paired, up to 2 inches (5 cm) long, oval or rounded, succulent leaves (often leafless in high heat) and grey spines up to 0.4 inch (1 cm) long, that sprout up along the mostly unbranched upright, stout stems. The stem is gray-green to bone white in color and up to 6 inches (15 cm) in diameter at the base. The flowers are yellowish or whitish-green in crowded clusters at the end of the branches.


USDA hardiness zone 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Alluaudias are succulent plants and need full sun or high interior lighting with a very well drained soil mix and freely circulating air. Plants are watered and allowed to dry thoroughly before watering again. If fertilizer is used, it should be diluted to ¼ the recommended rate on the label. Alluaudias must be protected in the greenhouse over the winter but established plants should tolerate temperatures as low as 32° F (0° C). During the winter months, the plants will drop all of its leaves and no water should be given during this period. If planted in the landscape however, it will often drop all its leaves when it decides to take a rest. When this happens, cut down on the watering until the leaves start to appear again… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Alluaudia


Native to the southern and southwestern Madagascar.


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