Adenium arabicum I.B.Balf.
Accepted Scientific Name
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.
Desert Rose, Elephants Foot, Adan Bush
Adenium arabicum is an attractive succulent with a swollen base and short branches, resembling a miniature baobab tree. It grows up to 16.4 feet (5 m) tall. Leaves are shiny dark green to bluish-green above, dull green below, and arranged in a rosette on the ends of the branches. They are up to 7.2 inches (18 cm) long and up to 3.2 inches (8 cm) wide, larger than the leaves of Adenium obesum. The color of the flowers range from pink to red and appear from spring to fall.
USDA hardiness zones 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
These are not difficult plants to grow well, provided enough sunlight and warmth. However, like all succulents, they cannot tolerate sitting in water, and if you err, do it on the side of too little water. Use a specialized soil mix designed for cacti and succulents.
Repot as needed, preferably during the warm season. To repot a Desert Rose, make sure the soil is dry before repotting, then gently remove the plant from the pot. Knock away the old soil from the roots, making sure to remove any rotted or dead roots in the process. Treat any cuts with a fungicide and antibacterial solution. Place the plant in its new pot and backfill with potting soil, spreading the roots out as you repot. Leave the plant dry for a week or so, then begin to water lightly to reduce the risk of root rot.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for a Desert Rose (Adenium obesum).
This succulent is native to Yemen and Saudi Arabia. It is not accepted as a species, and it is treated as a form of Adenium obesum.
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