Crassula ovata, commonly known as Jade Plant, is a tender succulent whose easy-to-grow and propagate nature makes it a common houseplant. Although it usually performs well in containers that restrict root space, is fairly slow-growing, survives under occasional neglect, and enjoys the warm and dry environment of homes, Jade Plant does have certain requirements. Various symptoms appear if these conditions are not met.
If inadequate sunlight or fertilizing, overwatering, or cold temperature exposures are responsible for the wilt, consider relocating the plant and adjusting the care regimen. If serious rot occurs, consider transplanting or discarding affected plant parts and propagating healthy parts in new soil.
1. Inadequate Sunlight
Jade Plant prefers at least 4 hours of direct sunlight each day but can survive in bright indirect light. Inadequate light conditions cause a plant to develop deep-green leaves and drooping stems. The plant is not necessarily unhealthy but is not receiving the sunlight necessary for compact growth and red-tinted leaves.
2. Improper Watering or Fertilizing
This plant prefers the soil to dry between deep waterings and should be watered most liberally during periods of active growth. Jade Plant should not be left sitting in water. Restrict watering during winter or dormant periods. Overwatering results in stem rot, collapse, and leaf drop. Treat your Jade Plant with a suitable fertilizer every three months or so.
3. Cold Temperatures
If a Jade Plant was exposed to cold temperatures or frost, it might wilt. Jade Plant is generally tolerant to around 40 °F (4.5 °C) and may survive brief freezing spells. If kept outside during the summer, bring it inside each year before the first frost. The ideal daytime temperature range for Jade Plant is between 65 and 75 °F (18 and 24 °C). The nighttime range is 50 to 55 °F (10 to 13 °C).
4. Bacterial Soft Rot
The pathogen Erwinia attacks the Jade Plant. It causes the stem and branches to collapse and make inner tissues soft and mushy. Plant affected by bacterial soft rot should be discarded.
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