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How to Propagate Succulents in 4 Simple Steps


Growing a collection of succulents starts with one you already own.

1. Cut the Heads

Any healthy succulent is a candidate for propagation, especially those that have central, trunk-like stems. If propagating from a rosette-shaped succulent, you can begin at step 2. Otherwise, use a sharp pair of scissors to snip a leaf-covered section of one of the stems that are at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) long. This is your cutting. If your plant's stems are looking bare and you cannot find 3 inches (7.5 cm) of lush growth to work with, instead of cut at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) under the best-looking bunch of leaves.

2. Pluck Leaves

Succulents will propagate from individual leaves, too. You can either pluck leaves from your clippings or the parent plant. Hold the fleshy leaf close to the stem. Twist gently to remove cleanly. Any fat, juicy leaves will fall off with ease. Others you may have to coax off. What is left on the leaf's stem is called meristematic tissue, and it looks like a potato eye. This is where small new roots and leaves will emerge a few weeks after beginning step 3.

Propagate Succulents

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3. Arrange and Water

Place your clippings and leaves, cut ends up, on a dish filled with fast-draining soil and facing indirect sunlight. Leave for about three days or until the ends callus over. Once that happens, use a spray bottle to squirt everything five to six times until the soil is moist but not soaked. Repeat whenever the soil is dry, roughly every four to five days. In about three to four weeks, tiny pink roots will start to sprout from your clippings. Be patient, observe, and keep watering.

Propagate Succulents

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4. Tend To The Pups

Six or seven weeks after starting the propagating process, you will notice baby pups emerging from the parent leaves. The parents may look shriveled. This is because they are feeding the pups with their water and nutrients. It is now time to transfer your cuttings and leaves to containers of their own, at least 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter. Cover the new roots with 0.5 inches (1.3 cm) of soil, sit back, and watch your garden grow.



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