A genus of plants native to the Canary Islands, Aeoniums have leaf rosettes at branch ends that look like large flowers. Most Aeoniums form a small shrub or small tree-like plant, but some don't branch. There are about 35 species as well as hybrid cultivars.
- Clean the sharp pruning shears by dipping it in rubbing alcohol.
- Decide how long a stem cutting to take. For tree-like forms with bare stems, it could be 5 to 6 inches (12.5 to 15 cm) long. For small shrub-like forms, it could be 0.5 inches (1.3 cm) or shorter. Cut off the piece of stem containing the leaf rosette.
- Allow the end of the cutting to heal in a shaded place for at least three days, longer if the stem is thick and succulent.
- Fill a clean container that has drainage holes with a well-draining potting mix. Use a pot just big enough to contain the cutting.
- Put the cutting into the potting mix, burying just enough of it to hold the cutting upright. Put the cutting in bright indirect light, watering it lightly once a week.
- Resume regular watering when the Aeonium develops roots. Water thoroughly, then let the top 2 inches (2 cm) of soil dry out before watering again.
- Collect seeds after the Aeonium has finished blooming. Put them in a paper bag and allow them to dry.
- Fill a shallow clean nursery flat with the same potting mix you used for rooting the cuttings.
- Sow the seeds on top of the soil, scattering them evenly. Cover them with twice their thickness of the potting mix. Water the flat well.
- Put the flat in bright indirect light and cover it with plastic wrap. Keep the potting mix moist until germination occurs. Remove the plastic wrap when germination starts.
- Prick out individual seedlings when they have reached 0.5 inches (1.3 cm) in diameter. Give each seedling its own 2-inch (5 cm) pot, transferring it to just the next bigger pot size as the plant grows.
Take cuttings when the plant is actively growing, usually fall in USDA zones 9 through 11. Aeoniums go dormant in summer. Cuttings taken while plants are dormant do not root.
- Back to genus Aeonium
- Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
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