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How to Grow and Care for Titanopsis


Titanopsis is a small genus (about 10 species) of dwarf succulents from the family of Aizoaceae. Naturally growing in the Upper Karoo in South Africa, it is an attractive but quite unusual plant because of its formation.

The plant grows as a dwarf succulent and produces thick truncated leaves that have crumpled surface. These unusual leaves display all the hues of red, purple, green, cream and blue throughout the year. Flowers appear in late fall and winter. Like its cousins in the Aizoaceae family, Titanopsis produces small daisy-like flowers of yellow color.

The name "Titanopsis" comes from the ancient Greek "titanos", meaning "limestone" and "opsis", meaning "looking like".

Growing Conditions and General Care

Titanopsis are easy to grow and clumps readily, forming a beautiful succulent mat. The clumps can be divided for further propagation of the plant. These plants need moderate water when growing in late fall and early spring. Keep somewhat dry the rest of the time.

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The maintenance of these attractive succulents is not difficult. They need a sandy substrate with little organic material. Titanopsis are winter growers, and should be kept relatively dry in summer. These plants should also be kept dry when the temperature is below 45 °F (7 °C).

The best place to grow Titanopsis calcarea, the more popular species from the eastern areas, is a sunny spot where it gets bright sunlight in summer and direct exposure to the sun in winter. Other popular species include: Titanopsis fulleri and Titanopsis primosii.


Division of larger clumps is possible in some cases, but as most species have tuberous rootstocks and offset slowly, seed production is the most common method of propagation. Sow it in spring and it should start flowering after 2 years.


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