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Euphorbia enopla (Pincushion Euphorbia)


Scientific Name

Euphorbia enopla Boiss.

Common Names

Pincushion Euphorbia


Euphorbia enopla var. enopla

Scientific Classification

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia


Euphorbia enopla​ is a succulent shrub, much branched from the base and profusely covered with stout red spines up to 0.6 inch (1.5 cm) long. The green, grey-green or bluish-green, ribbed branches are up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter, with the decorative spines tightly arranged in rows along the ribbed edges. The stems often branch out towards the upper section, forming a candelabra-like effect. Leaves are very small and remain only briefly on the plant before falling off. The male and female cyathia (flowers) are found on separate plants. The male flowers being yellow and the female flowers reportedly dark red.

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USDA hardiness zone 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Euphorbias are very easy to care for. They require a little pampering to become established, but once they are, they are self-sufficient. In fact, more die from too much care and watering than from neglect. Euphorbias need well-draining soil and lots of sunlight. They are not particular about soil pH, but they cannot tolerant wet soil. Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia does not handle long periods of drought well. It may need weekly watering during the summer. Water whenever the soil is dry several inches below the surface. Water deeply, but don't let them sit in wet soil, which can cause root rot. Add some organic matter or fertilizer to the planting hole. If you are growing them in containers or your soil is poor, feed with a half-strength fertilizer monthly.

Euphorbia can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). It is usually propagated by cuttings. This can be tricky, because of the exuding sap. Rooting hormone is recommended with Euphorbias. They tend to grow problem free, but there are a few pests and diseases to be alert for… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia


Euphorbia enopla is native to South Africa.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids


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