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Crassula orbicularis


Scientific Name

Crassula orbicularis L.


Crassula sediodes

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Crassuloideae
Genus: Crassula


Crassula orbicularis is a succulent perennial up to 10 inches (25 cm) tall when in flower. It produces a shallow root system, grows in rosettes of few to many leaves and sometimes produces runners. The fleshy leaves are narrow, flat, elliptic, oblanceolate, up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. They are green to deep bronze, with ciliate margins and sometimes have red or purple undersides. It produces a terminal, compound or rarely spike-like inflorescence, up to 10 inches (25 cm) tall, with leaf-like buds. The flowers are cup-shaped, with a musty scent and appear in mid spring. The petals are 0.2 inch (0.5 cm) long, generally whitish, but may sometimes be brownish red.


USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Crassulas are easy to grow, but they are susceptible to mealy bugs and fungal diseases. As with all succulents, overwatering is sure to be fatal, so err on the side of too dry rather than too wet. Never let your plant sit in water. If you water from beneath by letting the plant sit in a saucer of water, make sure to pour off any excess water after a few minutes.

These succulents are generally started by division, offsets or leaf cuttings. Crassulas can be easily propagated from a single leaf. Sprout leaves by placing them into a potting mix for succulents, then covering the dish until they sprout.

Repot as needed, preferably during the warm season. To repot your Crassula, make sure the soil is dry before repotting, then gently remove the pot. Knock away the old soil from the roots, making sure to remove any rotted or dead roots in the process. Treat any cuts with a fungicide. Place the plant in its new pot and backfill with potting soil, spreading the roots out as you repot. Leave the plant dry for a week or so, then begin to water lightly to reduce the risk of root rot.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Crassula.


Crassula orbicularis is native to South Africa.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids


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