Caralluma europaea (Guss.) N.E.Br.
Apteranthes europaea, Boucerosia europaea, Desmidorchis europaea, Stapelia europaea, Stapelia italica, Stapelia lampadosa, Stapelia quadrangula
Caralluma europaea is a mat-forming succulent with ascending or sprawling, green or purplish-brown stems toothed or lobed angles. The stems are 4-angled, up to 8 inches (20 cm) long, and up to 0.8 inches (2 cm) across. Flowers are up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) in across, variably hairy, dirty white or yellowish with reddish-brown or purplish bands to entirely purplish.
USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Stapeliads are relatively easy to grow. However, they should be treated as outdoor plants as they will easily rot indoors and cannot flower without exposure to outdoor temperature fluctuations. They should be grown under cover so that watering can be controlled. They require a reasonable amount of sunlight to promote flowering and maintain a well-shaped plant. Very shady positions will produce very poor flowering. Stapeliads come from climates where they survive extremely high temperatures in the summer months, so most growth is in spring and autumn, with flowering in autumn when the weather starts to cool down.
The easiest and best way to propagate Stapeliads is from stem cuttings which can be taken virtually throughout the year. Seed is also a method of propagation. They all need extra good drainage. Stapeliads are shallow-rooted, and a collection of them can be planted up nicely in a wide, shallow bowl. When planting, it is a good idea to allow the roots to be buried in soil and then put pure gravel or sand around the base of the plant to prevent rot.
See more at How to Grow and Care for Stapeliads.
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